How To Explain Edge Computing In Plain English

But the other reason this feels like edge computing to me, not personal computing, is because while the compute work is distributed, the definition of the compute work is managed centrally. You didn’t have to cobble together the hardware, software, and security best practices to keep your iPhone secure. You just paid $999 at the cellphone store and trained it to recognize your face.

definition of edge computing

One example of such future alternatives is the development of micro modular data centers . The MMDC is basically a data center in a box, putting a complete data center within a small mobile system that can be deployed closer to data — such as across a city or a region — to get computing much closer to data without putting the edge at the data proper. Management.The remote and often inhospitable locations of edge deployments make remote provisioning and management essential. IT managers must be able to see what’s happening at the edge and be able to control the deployment when necessary.

Only the result of that computing work at the edge, such as real-time business insights, equipment maintenance predictions or other actionable answers, is sent back to the main data center for review and other human interactions. Computing tasks demand suitable architectures, and the architecture that suits one type of computing task doesn’t necessarily fit all types of computing tasks. Edge computing has emerged as a viable and important architecture that supports distributed computing to deploy compute and storage resources closer to — ideally in the same physical location as — the data source.

Monitoring tools must offer a clear overview of the remote deployment, enable easy provisioning and configuration, offer comprehensive alerting and reporting and maintain security of the installation and its data. Edge monitoring often involves anarray of metrics and KPIs, such as site availability or uptime, network performance, storage capacity and utilization, and compute resources. It’s these variations that make edge strategy and planning so critical to edge project success. IoT services from major cloud providers include secure communications, but this isn’t automatic when building an edge site from scratch. But this virtual flood of data is also changing the way businesses handle computing.

Voice assistants typically need to resolve your requests in the cloud, and the roundtrip time can be very noticeable. Biotech maker PacBio gleaned big savings and organized a mountain of data when it added data management tools for its local … Although only 27% of respondents have already implemented edge computing technologies, 54% find the idea interesting. Security optimization – the security risk footprint is reduced because less unencrypted data is sent over the network.

Edge Computing, Iot And 5g Possibilities

Disaggregated storage enables organizations to scale compute and storage separately for high-performance, low-latency workloads. Compare edge cloud, cloud computing and edge computing to determine which model is best for you. Some examples include retail environments where video surveillance of the showroom floor might be combined with actual sales data to determine the most desirable product configuration or consumer demand.

definition of edge computing

Data is collected and analyzed to find the effects of environmental factors and continually improve the crop growing algorithms and ensure that crops are harvested in peak condition. Although “edge” seems to be the most popular way of describing the concept of extending the cloud to the point where data originates, the competing labels Fog Computing and MEC Computing are also being used by vendors — sometimes as synonyms. I have some fears about edge computing that are hard to articulate, and possibly unfounded, so I won’t dive into them completely. That’s why Microsoft is working on Azure Sphere, which is a managed Linux OS, a certified microcontroller, and a cloud service. The idea is that your toaster should be as difficult to hack, and as centrally updated and managed, as your Xbox.

Techopedia Explains Edge Computing

In effect, edge computing is used to “steer” traffic across the network for optimal time-sensitive traffic performance. Manufacturing.An industrial manufacturer deployed edge computing to monitor manufacturing, enabling real-time analytics and machine learning at the edge to find production errors and improve product manufacturing quality. Edge computing supported the addition of environmental sensors throughout the manufacturing plant, providing insight into how each product component is assembled and stored — and how long the components remain in stock. The manufacturer can now make faster and more accurate business decisions regarding the factory facility and manufacturing operations.

This can be achieved by adopting a massively decentralized computing architecture, otherwise known as edge computing. Within each industry, however, are particular uses cases that drive the need for edge IT. Such strategies might start with a discussion of just what the edge means, where it exists for the business and how it should benefit the organization. Edge strategies should also align with existing business plans and technology roadmaps.

Due to latency, privacy, and bandwidth, you can’t feed all the numerous sensors of a self-driving car up to the cloud and wait for a response. Your trip can’t survive that kind of latency, and even if it could, the cellular network is too inconsistent to rely on it for this kind of work. Google also is getting smarter at combining local AI features for the purpose of privacy and bandwidth savings.

Find a vendor with a proven multicloud platform and a comprehensive portfolio of services designed to increase scalability, accelerate performance and strengthen security in your edge deployments. Ask your vendor about extended services that maximize intelligence and performance at the edge. In the past, the promise of cloud and AI was to automate and speed innovation by driving actionable insight from data.

Data’s journey across national and regional boundaries can pose additional problems for data security, privacy and other legal issues. Edge computing can be used to keep data close to its source and within the bounds of prevailing data sovereignty laws, such as the European Union’s GDPR, which defines how data should be stored, processed and exposed. This can allow raw data to be processed locally, obscuring or securing any sensitive data before sending anything to the cloud or primary data center, which can be in other jurisdictions. Fog computing environments can produce bewildering amounts of sensor or IoT data generated across expansive physical areas that are just too large to define anedge.

  • Security.Physical and logical security precautions are vital and should involve tools that emphasize vulnerability management and intrusion detection and prevention.
  • Edge computing is a distributed information technology architecture in which client data is processed at the periphery of the network, as close to the originating source as possible.
  • And data volumes will continue to grow as 5G networks increase the number of connected mobile devices.
  • That means you can open a “website” on your phone without an internet connection, do some work, save your changes locally, and only sync up with the cloud when it’s convenient.

In fact, by 2025, 50% of enterprise data will be processed at the edge, compared to only 10% today. Banks may need edge to analyze ATM video feeds in real-time in order to increase consumer safety. Mining companies can use their data to optimize their operations, improve worker safety, reduce energy consumption and increase productivity. Retailers can personalize the shopping experiences for their customers and rapidly communicate specialized offers. Companies that leverage kiosk services can automate the remote distribution and management of their kiosk-based applications, helping to ensure they continue to operate even when they aren’t connected or have poor network connectivity. Data sovereignty.Moving huge amounts of data isn’t just a technical problem.

How To Explain Edge Computing In Plain English

Cloud.Cloud computing is a huge, highly scalable deployment of compute and storage resources at one of several distributed global locations . Cloud providers also incorporate an assortment of pre-packaged services for IoT operations, making the cloud a preferred centralized platform for IoT deployments. In practice, cloud computing is an alternative — or sometimes a complement — to traditional data centers. The cloud can get centralized computing much closer to a data source, but not at the network edge. Sending all that device-generated data to a centralized data center or to the cloud causes bandwidth and latency issues. Edge computing offers a more efficient alternative; data is processed and analyzed closer to the point where it’s created.

definition of edge computing

Make sure there’s an easy way to govern and enforce the policies of your enterprise. Edge computing is a straightforward idea that might look easy on paper, but developing a cohesive strategy andimplementing a sound deployment at the edgecan be a challenging exercise. Edge devices encompass a broad range of device types, including sensors, actuators and other endpoints, as well as IoT gateways. Techopedia™ is your go-to tech source for professional IT insight and inspiration. We aim to be a site that isn’t trying to be the first to break news stories, but instead help you better understand technology and — we hope — make better decisions as a result.

Because data does not traverse over a network to a cloud or data center to be processed, latency is significantly reduced. Edge computing — and mobile edge computing on 5G networks — enables faster and more comprehensive data analysis, creating the opportunity for deeper insights, faster response times and improved customer experiences. The prospect of moving so much data in situations that can often be time- or disruption-sensitive puts incredible strain on the global internet, which itself is often subject to congestion and disruption. Edge security.Finally, edge computing offers an additional opportunity to implement andensure data security.

We also asked other experts to chime in with their particular definitions of edge computing in clear terms to that may prove useful for IT leaders in various discussions – including those with non-technical people. Almost any technology that’s applicable to the latency problem is applicable to the bandwidth problem. Running AI on a user’s device instead of all in the cloud seems to be a huge focus for Apple and Google right now.

Privacy And Security

Bandwidth optimization – only the most important data needs to be transferred over the network. Stephanie Overby is an award-winning reporter and editor with more than twenty years of professional journalism experience. For the last decade, her work has focused on the intersection of business and technology.

Edge Computing Vs Fog Computing Vs Mec Computing

Think of edge as an extension of the cloud rather than a replacement, says Seth Robinson, senior director of technology analysis at technology associationCompTIA. In fact, edge is a key enabler for unlocking the full power of data in the cloud. Data from various connected devices in the IoT ecosystem are collected in a local device, analyzed at the network, and then transferred to the central data center or cloud, says saysManali definition of edge computing Bhaumik, lead analyst at technology research and advisory firmISG. “Put another way, edge computing brings the data and the compute closest to the point of interaction.” Edge computing with 5G creates tremendous opportunities in every industry. It brings computation and data storage closer to where data is generated, enabling better data control and reduced costs, faster insights and actions, and continuous operations.

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The technologies that are driving edge computing include the Internet of Things , software-defined networking , fifth generation wireless networking and blockchain. Edge computing is computing that’s done at or near the source of the data, instead of relying on the cloud at one of a dozen data centers to do all the work. IBM provides an autonomous management offering that addresses the scale, variability and rate of change in edge environments, edge-enabled industry solutions and services.

Examples include oil rigs, ships at sea, remote farms or other remote locations, such as a rainforest or desert. Edge computing does the compute work on site — sometimes on theedge deviceitself — such as water quality sensors on water purifiers in remote villages, and can save data to transmit to a central point only when connectivity is available. By processing data locally, the amount of data to be sent can be vastly reduced, requiring far less bandwidth or connectivity time than might otherwise be necessary. Remember that it might be difficult — or even impossible — to get IT staff to the physical edge site, so edge deployments should be architected to provide resilience, fault-tolerance and self-healing capabilities.

In traditional enterprise computing, data is produced at a client endpoint, such as a user’s computer. That data is moved across a WAN such as the internet, through the corporate LAN, where the data is stored and worked upon by an enterprise application. This remains a proven and time-tested approach to client-server computing for most typical business applications. Edge computing is the practice of processing data as close to its source as possible in order to reduce network latency by minimizing communication time between clients and servers.

How Does Edge Computing Work?

For instance, if you buy one security camera, you can probably stream all of its footage to the cloud. But if the cameras are smart enough to only save the “important” footage and discard the rest, your internet pipes are saved. Security isn’t the only way that edge computing will help solve the problems IoT introduced. The other hot example I see mentioned a lot by edge proponents is the bandwidth savings enabled by edge computing. That said, let’s get out of the word definition game and try to examine what people mean practically when they extoll edge computing.

Bandwidth.Bandwidth is the amount of data which a network can carry over time, usually expressed in bits per second. All networks have a limited bandwidth, and the limits are more severe for wireless communication. This means that there is a finite limit to the amount of data — or the number of devices — that can communicate data across the network.

Improved healthcare.The healthcare industry has dramatically expanded the amount of patient data collected from devices, sensors and other medical equipment. That enormous data volume requires edge computing to apply automation and machine learning to access the data, ignore “normal” data and identify problem data so that clinicians can take immediate action to help patients avoid health incidents in real time. CIOs in banking, mining, retail, or just about any other industry, are building strategies designed to personalize customer experiences, generate faster insights and actions, and maintain continuous operations.